Full text: Schulbuchforschung in Europa - Bestandsaufnahme und Zukunftsperspektive

1830-1839: 32.7 per year 
1840-1849: 52.1 per year 
1850-1859: 39.4 per year 
1860-1869: 43.3 per year 
1870-1880: 48.8 per year 
Given the number of keywords we have attached, we must conclude that most textbooks 
were published in the areas of „geography“ (153 French + 32 Dutch) and „geography of 
Belgium“ (13 F +8 D). If we put together all combinations where „geography“ is present 
(eg. with history), then we get a total of 234/ 273, which represents 8.5% of all text- 
books. If we then add the „geometry‘“ and „geology“ groups, we would easily reach 
10%. So we can see that geography, presumably through the need-driven use of maps, 
was the textbook sector „par excellence“!”*By subject area, language tuition in its totality 
has nevertheless the largest share of the population. 
Ranked from high to low, we come in our index to the following high scoring key- 
words (minimum 10 references) from the languages group: French grammar (147); read- 
ing (98 F+82 D); Latin grammar (45); French grammar (37); French language (35); 
'Tower German“ (=Dutch), Flemish (= Dutch) and Dutch grammar (as a „science“ as 
well as a „technique“) (32 + 20 +20 + 17); French grammar (in Dutch) (24); French 
language (21); Latin text (in French) (21); German grammar (19); English grammar (19); 
Mother tongue (in French) (19); Latin text (in French and Dutch) (18); Literature (in 
French) (17); Latin themes (in French) (13); French anthology (12); Latin (in French) 
(12); Spelling (in Dutch) (12); Greek text (in French) (11); „Flemish“ (= Dutch) lan- 
guage (10), all of which represents almost 30% of our total textbook population.” 
From this summary the predominance of the teaching of grammar over literature is 
evident as well as the domination of French over Dutch. The latter is easy to explain as 
most of secondary education in the Dutch speaking part of Belgium was frenchified. On 
the basis of the same criteria of ten references, the mathematics group provides the fol- 
lowing key words: Arithmetics (35 F +35 N); Algebra (28 F); Trigonometry (20 F). 
From this it cannot be concluded that mathematics is less important than languages, but 
it indicates that it was less popular in the area of textbook production. Just as surprising 
is perhaps the analysis that only the following keywords have more than ten mentions: 
Religion (38 F); Singing (34 D); Belgian history (28 F +21 D); Chemistry (23 F), 
Drawning (20 F); Moral studies (16 F); Physics (16 F); Pedagogy and teaching method- 
ology (11 F). 
The main centre for textbook production was undoubtediy Brussels, which in 829 
cases or sorne 30% was the first place of publication. Ghent and Liege also scored highly 
(respectively ‚more than 500 and 250 productions) which could increase with the intro- 
duction and inclusion in our lists of the Liege collection. The publisher Dessain (249 
That image was confirmed through the unpublished thesis of A. Pel 
lagere school in Belgie (1842-1 879) (Leuven, Fac. PPW, 1981) 40 
See, e.8., M. Depaepe F. Simon &G. Verbeeck. Von französis her r kultur ellen Autonomie. 
> ” 
che Dominanz zu 
ger ämischen Teil Belgiens, Zeitschrififür Pädagogik, XL (1994) 97- 
grims, Muziek- en zangonderwijs in de 


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