Full text: Elementarisierung im Schulbuch

When the data from the table are compared one can notice that, as in the previous pe- 
riod?, the rate of literacy was much higher with the married in towns 78.85%) when 
compared with those in rural area where it was 29.91%. In the category of towns Bel- 
grade kept the lead with the percentage of the married of 91.90%, which could be ex- 
pected if we consider the fact that it was the capital and the educational centre of, not 
only Serbia, but of Southeast Europe of the time, as well. If we analyse further the per- 
centage of literate people in the counties, a significant increase can be noticed in the 
counties on the outskirts of Serbian state. As it can be seen from the table, Ni$ County 
took the lead with 89.41%, Podrinje County followed with 85.13% etc. One can also 
notice that the percentage of the literate was much greater with men in towns - it was 
44.24% for grooms, and 34.61% for brides, while in villages it was significantly lower 
for grooms — 28.14%, while it was 7.24% for brides. Obviously, the progress made was a 
consequence of education modernisation which was expressed through an increase in 
number of continuous schools and through better organisation of the work of county 
school councils. 
They were aware of this in the Ministry of Education which was the reason they 
transferred most of their competences to county town councils?', which took care of 
collecting school surtaxes, maintenance of school buildings, provision of firewood, as 
well as of other questions concerning teaching process (regular class teaching, successful 
school attendance, work of continuous schools etc.). County school councils regularly 
sent reports on all their activities to the Ministry of Education, pointing out the need of 
taking the appropriate measures for the purpose of overcoming the problems in teaching 
process. These problems were most frequently in connection with irregular teaching 
process on the part of teachers, but very often with real love affairs between teachers that 
occurred frequently in patriarchal environments, such as rural areas. Those were mostly 
unjustified accusations of female teachers, which were proved or discarded in the legal 
process, effected by the County School Council, upon the request of Ministry of educa- 
tion, which will be discussed further. 
If one considers the network of county school councils, one can conclude that it was 
well organised and it significantly contributed to the better functioning of primary educa- 
tion, which of erucial importance in a society such as Serbian was in the key period of 
transition from traditional into modern, which was the wish and the intention of those 
who created the state policy of Serbia at the beginning of 20" century. The political elite 
an eng: a we pointed out, of the representatives of educational 
step he Dina kn : nr ke at solemn objective _ the modern society. The first 
ee ira able way was education modernisation, and the outcome — 
ystem that was a clear aim which was not reachable before. As 
1 a the Bererntane of the Meat who got married in towns was 76.2%, and in villages it was 26.21%. 
© beginning of 20’s in 20" century G. Bogi& who studied illiteracy in Serbia in the period 1900-1908 
for the category of the married used the wron i 
g methodological approach h 
larger the real ones. See G. Bogik, cited work, 418. . 3 a an a a 
The centers of the county school boards were, 
school boards met once a month, and more often 
tivities was entrusted to primary school teachers. 
asa rule, in the biggest town of the county. The county 
ifneeded. The key role in leading the office and other ac- 


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