Full text: Die Familie im Schulbuch

made during the last decades of the 19th and at the beginning of 20th century, key Sub- 
ject concerned the modernization of education, particularly the elimination of illiteracy, 
which would Speed up the modernization of Society in Serbia and Bulgaria in the first 
place. The real condition in Europe is Shown in the Table: 
Table 1: The percentage of illiterate population in Europe at the beginning of 20th century, in regions 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North West Europe 2% 
South West Europe 30% 
South East Europe 55% 
 
It is obvious from this Table that the highest rate of illiteracy was in South East Europe, 
which was understandable when we bear in mind that the Ottoman Empire ruled this 
area for centuries, leaving „deep traces'. One of these consequences was the delayed 
development of education in South East Europe, with the partial exception of Greece. 
This is best Seen through the analysis of the percentage of the illiterate in different 
countries, as Shown in the Table": 
Table 2: The percentage of illiteracy in European States 
Sweden 
Switzerland 
Denmark 
Holland 
France 
Finland 
Austro-Hun 
Greece 
Serbia 
Russia 
 
Romania 
High percentages of illiteracy were mainly caused by the non-attendance of School by 
School-age children. Ratios regarding this matter are Shown in the following Table": 
 
18 The Educational Courier, Belgrade, 1906, 514, 1910, 1208, H. Sundhaussen, Historische Statistik Serbi- 
ens 1834-1914, R. Oldenbourg Verlag, München 1989, 528-529. 
19 The Educational Courier, Belgrade 1910, 138. 
29 he Educational Courier, Belgrade 1906, 429, 1910, 1208, H. Sundhaussen, ibid., 528-529. 
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