Full text: Die Familie im Schulbuch

Emotions in School textbooks 
I would like to present a new approach to the Study of School textbooks. I am convinced 
that we can read and analyse School textbooks from a new angle. To be more precise, I 
propose the possibility of analysing Schoolbooks focusing and rescuing an omnipresent 
element, which has, however and unfortunately, not been thoroughly examined within 
the context of School textbooks: emotions. 
I have paid much attention to emotions in Spanish Schoolbooks and have discovered 
that they constitute a rich Source of valuable information, about (a) educational inten- 
tions (intellectual education, aesthetic education, behaviour control); (b) educational and 
teaching Strategies and practices (intimidation, tolerance, authoritarianism, indulgence); 
(c) ideological indoctrination (imposition of a given Set of beliefs); and (c) construction 
of individual and collective identities (national identity, gender identity). Emotions are 
undoubtedly present when analysing the family, which is one of the elements that consti- 
tutes the universe of motherhood.? The examination of the role of emotions has revealed 
that they have been used as part of the Strategies and mechanisms Set forth in order to 
achieve the transmission of the established concept and model of motherhood and the 
In order to exemplify and clarify my general objective, I Shall enumerate a number of 
questions which guide my resecarch: 1. Do primary school textbooks talk about, present, 
or deal with motherhood in any way? 2. If 80, of which elements is it composed? 3. 
What language is used to describe it? 4. Which emotions are directly or indirectly ap- 
Ppealed to? 5. To which other topics or phenomena is it related? 6. Which model of moth- 
erhood is presented? 7. Why and what for? 
My hypothesis is that the emotionally charged phenomenon of motherhood was em- 
ployed and manipulated by the New State and by the Catholic Church as an instrument 
for the transmission of their respective ideologies (patriotism; Francoism; Catholicism) 
Oy the achievement of their political ambitions (demographic growth; maintenance of 
MUIAN 15 legitimacy of the regime; return to old, traditional values, etc.). The 
Tategies Set forth to make Such an instrumental Use - political, ideological, and reli- 
gious - of motherhood WEre various and varied, but their common denominator was to 
BL it En (a) a Source of Social and individual pride; (b) a Source and, at the 5ame 
Aidan 0 Ie MIE GINN ZIVE and happiness; and (c) a Sign of both 
FUE ERNIE 264 55 1 entity. This implied the manipulation of its emotional 
SCH MGS BIE US, individual -- value. 
MADEN WERLTE Tüs'po be the Church, Spoke and presented motherhood in highly 
IRD 8 of motherhood was done i 1 d in differ- 
ent directions, but the (557 . n various forms an ] 
, most striking of all, found in school textbooks, is the symbolic 
! SE the Phenomenon. 3. The symbolic Space or immediate co 
Out immediately that the answer was affirmative 
erhood was very often indi 
indirect, Subtle, digouj 
COMpleiSfiiiteig » » disguised, and us 
but at the Same time, that this presence of moth- 
ed as a metaphor to deal with other much more 


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