Full text: Die Familie im Schulbuch

ped in its movements. The nature is presented as if it has always been constituted of 
deer, animals, and human beings of two Separated genders. The text tells the Students 
that they are introduced to „The forest". The following pages refer to this illustration. 
The text is about the forest as an ecological System. The ecology consists of trees, plants, 
animals and human beings. The construction of the masculinity and the femininity from 
the Starting illustration is repeated in a close-up of the hunting man and the berry-picking 
woman, when they are introduced in the text. However, in the text the genders are not 
mentioned. In principle the text could be read as genderless, and the Students may pos- 
Sible imagine the reverse order of the gender with the woman hunting deer and the man 
picking berries: 
„There are also people in the forest. One of them picks the berries and eats, and 
when that happens the nourishment chain becomes very Short: From bilberries to 
human being. Another person is hunting. The hunter Shoots a deer. The meat from 
the deer is tasty food for many human beings. The deer takes nourishment from 
plants. This time the nourishment chain becomes a little bit longer: From plants to 
deer to human being." (Isnes et al. 1998, S. 14).* 
As the unmentioned nuclear family in the curriculum Subject Stands as the implicit struc- 
ture and strengthen the dominating norm, the two-gender model is Stated as the norm of 
the ecological system. Furthermore the illustration anchors the two-gender model and 
makes the reverse order invisible for the Students to read or imagine. The last chapter in 
the textbook underlines the two-gender model and the heterosexual regime in the intro- 
duction. Although the last chapter is about intoxication (cigarettes, alcohol, drugs), an 
illustration Shows happy young heterosexual couples dancing and Sitting close together 
in a private party at Kari's (a female name). The text reports that they are having a Sober 
party: „They are dancing and talking, they are listening to music, telling Stories and 
having great fun ... Some of them are moving a little away from the others to cuddle each 
other." (op.cit., S. 234). In contrast to this illustration and text, another illustration and 
text refer to a private party at Ole's (a male name) where the young heterosexual couples 
have had too much alcobol. The text reports that the youth after drinking and taking 
drugs do not care who they are making out with, although a gender difference is registe- 
red: „Some of the girls are presSed to partake in Sex with the boys. If a boy does not get 
what he wants from one of the girls, he can find others who are willing." (op.cit., S. 233- 
Where the nuclear family in nature is represented as trans-historical, the ideal of the 
future nuclear family is pointed out without alcohol and drugs, and without physical 
pressure on Sexuality. In the first and the last chapters of the textbook the combination of 
illustrations and texts no doubt creates an awareness of the heterosexual living. The 
heterosexuality is construed by help of the male and the female. However, the two gen- 
ders are valuated differently in the introduction and the conclusion. In nature and trans- 
8 Translations from Norwegian into English here and in the following quotations from the textbooks are 


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